Anatomy Lab HP // Physiology Lecture HP // Student Resources HP
Physiology Unit One (C1-C11)
Unit One Lecture Objectives // Dictionary of Pronunciation // Medical Dictionary
 
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Human Body
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
   
*
Major Themes in Anatomy and Physiology
       
   
Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
   
*
   
*
Positive vs Negative Feedback /// Negatiave Feedback's Role in Homeostasis
   
*
Homeostasis
  > * Homeostasis
    * Homeostasis
  > * Metric System Basics (w answer key)
    * Temperature Conversion Worksheet
   
*
Audio Review (Organization of the Body)
       
    Chapter Study Guide /Highly Recommended
    *
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * How Many Cells Are in the Human Body
   
*
Introduction to Cell and Virus Structure - Size Matters
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Origins of Biomedical Science
    * Evolution In Need of an Update
    * Evolution, Natural Selection, and Adaptation
  > * The Timeline of Life (Taken From Wiki)
    * Tarsier: Small Primate Unchanged in 45 Million Years
    * Tarsier II
  > * The History of Evolution from a Cell to Humans
    * The Human Family Tree
    *
Understanding Evolution: This site was created by the University of California Museum of Paleontology with support provided by the National Science Foundation (grant no. 0096613) and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (grant no. 51003439).
 
   
*
The Tree of Life Project (Reference Web Site) /// A Must Visit!!!
    * The Ascent of Man (Video)
    * Homeostasis
       
 
 
Chapter 2: Chemical Level of Organization
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
   
*
   
*
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
    * How Small Is An Atom?
  >
*
    * Atom Structure: Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons
       
  >
*
  > * The Structure of an Atom Meets the Periodic Table (Part 2)
   
*
Mendeleev: The Father of the Periodic Table
   
*
Interactive Periodic Table of Elements (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
       
       
   
*
What Does An Atom Really Look Like?
    * What is a Cathode Ray Tube?
    * J.J. Thompson's Cathode Ray Tube Experiment (Electron Discovery)
    * Milliken's Oil Drop Experiment (How the Charge of an Electron Was Determined)
   
*
Positron Decay
   
*
An Explaination of Neutrinos
       
  >
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
Covalent Bonds (Please Note: correction / covalent bonds are stronger than ionic bonds)
  > * How Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Carbon Make Covalent Bonds
       
  >
*
Hydrogen Bonding (1)
   
*
Hydrogen Bonding (2)
   
*
       
  >
*
Biochemical Pathways
   
*
Biochemical Pathways
  >
*
Enzyme Action
   
*
Enzymes
   
*
       
   
*
   
*
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C2: Learning Outcomes
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required // Advanced Learners
    *
Chemistry: Annenberg Learner's mission is to "Advance Excellent Teaching in American Schools." Join with experts to observe chemistry in action and learn the laws and principles of this dynamic field. Computer technology and special effects place students in a front-row seat to observe many processes, even those that are too dangerous or impractical to experience directly. There are 26 videos in this series.
 
    *
The Standard Model: The standard model is the name given in the 1970s to a theory of fundamental particles and how they interact. It incorporated all that was known about subatomic particles at the time and predicted the existence of additional particles as well.
 
    * CERN: Standard Model of Paricle Physics
    * Standard Model Outlined
    * TED Talk: Quantum Physics For Seven Year Olds by Dominic Walliman. /// or How to Teach and Learn Science!
   
*
    * String Theory Explained
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * The Periodic Table (Wiki)
  >
*
The Year of Albert Einstein
   
*
Octet Rule
    * Alpha Particles
   
*
Beta Particles
   
*
Gamma Particles
   
*
Positrons
   
*
Electromagnetic Effect
    * Photoelectric Effect
    * How to Make Soap
    * How Much of an Atom Is Empty Space ?
       
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Full Length Videos:
    The links below are videos that where originally broadcasted as free programs on PBS. These videos are now only available for viewing with a $1.99 charge. You can pay to view these programs either through an iTunes or YouTube online account. YouTube is the less expensive service (less than $2 for each 60 minute show). So grab some friends, make a bowl of popcorn, and watch these shows. They are great entertainment and provide the best educational value for under $2.00.
     
   
*
Back to the Beginning / Big Bang / video / 55 min
       
    *
Mystery of Matter - Out of Thin Air / One of science’s great odd couples—British minister Joseph Priestley and French tax administrator Antoine Lavoisier—together discover a fantastic new gas called oxygen, overturning the reigning theory of chemistry and triggering a worldwide search for new elements. Soon caught up in the hunt is science’s // video / 54 min
 
       
    *
Mystery of Matter - Unruly Elements /Over a single weekend in 1869, a young Russian chemistry professor named Dmitri Mendeleev invents the Periodic Table, bringing order to the growing gaggle of elements. But this sense of order is shattered when a Polish graduate student named Marie Sklodowska Curie discovers radioactivity. //video / 53 min
 
       
    *
Mystery of Matter - Into the Atom/ Caught up in the race to discover the atom’s internal parts—and learn how they fit together—is a young British physicist named Harry Moseley, who uses newly discovered X-rays to put the Periodic Table in a whole new light. And a young American chemist named Glenn Seaborg creates a new element. // video / 55 min
 
       
 
 
Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
   
*
   
*
DNA Replication and the Cell Cycle
   
*
Protein Synthesis
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
  >
*
   
*
   
*
  >
*
   
*
   
 
   
*
  >
*
   
*
  >
*
   
*
  >
*
  >
*
   
 
   
*
   
*
   
  >
*
   
*
       
   
*
  >
*
Controlling the Cell Cycle
   
*
How Mitosis Works
   
*
How Meiosis Works
   
*
  >
*
Comparing Meiosis and Mitosis
       
   
*
Modern Genetics
   
*
Structural Basis of DNA
  >
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
    * Genetic Mutations and Diseases
       
  > * Epigenetics Illustration SA
   
*
   
 
    * RNA in the Proto-Life Soup
  >
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
  >
*
   
  >
*
  >
*
  >
*
   
*
   
*
       
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
 
   
*
    *
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * Cell Structure and Physiology - Part A
    * Cell Division and Genetics - Part B
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * Chimps, Bonobo, and Humans: Linked by 98.7% of our common genes
   
*
   
*
   
*
    * DNA's "Digital" Storage Capacity (2)
    * Down Syndrome / Trisomy 21
    * Tensegrity: Forces That Form and Shape the Cytoskeleton - Buckminister Fuller
    * Twist of Fate / How Cytoskeleton and Matrix Interact to Regulates Cell Division
    * Living Curcuits Inside Bacteria May Cure Diseases in Humans
    * Living Curcuits: Making Cellular Applications with DNA
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required // Advanced Learners
     
    * CRISPR-Cas9: Recent Update on Technology
    *
CRISPR-cas9: (Video) Example of an advancement in basic science leading to new therapies in medicine. This technology will lead directly to cures for many genetic diseases.
 
  > *
CRISPR: (Video) New Knowledge Advances Biology / Geneticist Jennifer Doudna co-invented a groundbreaking new technology for editing genes, called CRISPR-Cas9. The tool allows scientists to make precise edits to DNA strands, which could lead to treatments for genetic diseases … but could also be used to create so-called "designer babies." Doudna reviews how CRISPR-Cas9 works — and asks the scientific community to pause and discuss the ethics of this new tool.
 
    *
CRISPR: (Video) Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9: McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT
 
    * CRISPR-cas9: (Article) The Gene Genie
    * CRISPR-cas9: (Article) Wiki Review
       
    * Genetic Mutations and Disease (Poster)
    * Molecular Genetics I/ Dr. Robert Sapolsky
    * Molecular Genetics II / Dr. Robert Sapolsky
       
 
 
Chapter 4: Tissue Level of Organization
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlates to Learning Objectives
   
*
   
*
   
*
Tissue Growth and Change
   
*
Tissue Repair and Wound Healing
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
   
*
Tissue Type (Video 1)
   
*
Tissue Types (Video 2)

  >
*
Cell Theory
   
*
Intracellular Junctions
   
*
Wound Healing
   
*
Audio Review / Tissues
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C4: Learning Outcomes
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * Images - Slide Show: Various Tissues MRI False Color
   
*
First Hints That Stem Cell Therapy Can Help Patients Get Better
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
 
 
Chapter 5: The Integument System
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
   
*
Introduction to the Integument System (Skin)
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
   
*
Introduction to the Integumentary System (Video)
   
*
National Geographic: Skin (Video)
  >
*
Burns: First, Second, and Third
   
*
Skin Cancers
   
*
Audio Review / Skin and Its Appendages
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Not Required
   
*
       
    Articles of Interest / Highly Recommended
   
*
Sick People Smell Bad
   
*
   
*
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Skin Color
   
*
Nails and Hair
   
*
Pathophysiology: Skin Disorders
   
*
Skin Cancers
   
*
Burns
   
*
Images Only / Integument
       
 
 
Chapter 6: Bone Tissue
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
    * Bone Tissue // Bone Development // Bone Fracture and Repair
   
*
Osteoporosis
   
*
Images Only About Bone Tissue
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
    *
  >
*
Bone Formation: Endochondral vs Intramembranous - (Video)
   
*
Osteoporosis - Video
    * Audio Review / Skeletal Tissue
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C6: Learning Outcomes
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * Haemophilia: Joint Effort
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Pathophysiology: Musculoskeletal Disorders
    * Bone Tissue / Only Images
    * Titanosaur Fossils: Image 1 - Image 2 - Image 3
       
 
 
Chapter 7: The Axial Skeleton
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
     
     
The structure of the skeletal system is covered in lab. Your textbook covers the skeletal sysem in C7 and C8. These PowePoint presentations are posted for reference material. However, some of the information in in the first PwPt below, the Skeletal System Overview & Spinal Column, has content which will also be covered and required as part of our Lecture Objectives (see Study Guide below).
 
       
   
*
Skeletal System Overview & Spinal Column
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
     
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C7 & C8 Learning Outcomes
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    *
Neandertal Teeth - What can teeth can tell us about our cousins?
    *
  > *
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Axial Skeleton / Only Images
    * Appendicular Skeleton / Only Images
       
 
 
Chapter 8: The Appendicular Skeleton
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
      The structure of the skeletal system is covered in lab. Your textbook covers the skeletal sysem in C7 and C8. These PowePoint presentations are posted for reference material. However, some of the information in in the first PwPt below, the Skeletal System Overview & Spinal Column, has content which will also be covered and required as part of our Lecture Objectives (see Study Guide below).
    * Pectoral Girdle
    * Pelvic Girdle
    * Images Only of Appendicular Skeleton System
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
    * Audio Review / Skeletal System
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * Scapula Provides New Insight About Homanid Evolution
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
 
 
Chapter 9: Joints
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
    * Introduction and Classification of Joints
    * Images Only About Joints
       
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
    * Skeletal Joints
    * Audio Review / Articulations
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C9: Learning Outcomes
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * See Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * More About Joints
       
 
 
Chapter 10: The Muscle Tissue
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
    * An Introduction to the Muscle System
    * Skeletal Muscle Structure
   
*
Nerve Muscle Relationship and Muscle Contraction
   
*
Contraction Types / Length Tension Relationships / Muscle Behavior / Fiber Classes
   
*
Muscle Energy / Metabolism / Fatigue
   
*
Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle
   
 
    Homework Assignments / Highly Recommended
    * Muscles -- Anatomy Revealed Slide Presentation
  > *
  > *
  >
*
  >
*
  >
*
  >
*
  > * Sliding Filament Theory / Review of Structure and Function
   
*
Audio Review / Physiology of the Muscle System
    * Audio Review / Anatomy of the Muscle System
    * Electrophysiology: Demonstrating Upper and Lower Motor Neuron Function (Plus Control Tansfer)
       
    Chapter Study Guide / Highly Recommended
    * C10: Learning Outcomes
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * What Does Running Do To the Brain?
    * See Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Muscle Pathology
    * Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
       
 
 
Chapter 11 / Muscles
 
    Lecture Slides / Correlate to Learning Objectives
      The structure of the muscle system is covered in lab. These PowePoint presentations are posted for reference material.
    *
    *
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
   
*
       
    Articles of Interest / Not Required
    * Botulinum Toxin (Botox)
    * More Articles of Interest / Archival
       
    Topics Not Covered in Learning Objectives // Not Required
    * Pathophysiology: Musculoskeletal Disorders
       
 
Lecture: Unit 1 - Unit 2 - Unit 3 - Unit 4 ////////////Lab: Unit 1 - Unit 2 - Unit 3 - Unit 4